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The territory

Riomaggiore is the most southern village of the Cinque Terre. The founders moved down from
the hills to settle down by the sea, and built 3-4-storey
houses on the rocky, steep territory. According to an ancient legend,
Riomaggiore (Rimazùu in the local dialect) was founded in the 8th
century by some Greek refugees fleeing persecution in Byzantium.
Original nucleus of the historical center dates back to the 13th century.

The main road was the result of a covered canal beneath which runs the “Rivus Major” stream, from which the village takes its name.
The housing is of the typical tower-house variety, developed on three or four floors with no more than two rooms per floor, side by side to each other in parallel rows.
The houses have typically two entrances, one at the front and one at the back, usually higher.
The buildings were constructed this way not only because of the steep hills, but also for safety reasons, so that the inhabitants could escape in case of Saracen attacks.
The marina is surrounded by the typical medieval houses, founded on the stone arches of the old wine warehouses,
climbing up the slope to the Castle making the marina of the village a unique spectacle

Cinque Terre

UNESCO declared the Cinque Terre "World heritage of humanity" in 1997.
The coastline that takes the name of Cinque Terre consists in 5 villages, Monterosso, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola and Riomaggiore; it extends for approximately 15 Km along the Ligurian coast, and is one of the Mediterranean’s most beautiful, natural and semi-natural, area.

The typical "dry stone walls” forming terraces were extremely useful to tame wild nature.
This human action helped create a unique landscape which made possible all sorts of human activities, especially the viticulture.

The climatic conditions allow the cultivation of olive trees, citrus and viticulture.
For what regards the wine production, you can’t miss the passito wine “Sciacchetrà”, famous throughout the world.
UNESCO declared the Cinque Terre "World heritage of humanity" in 1997.
The coastline that takes the name of Cinque Terre consists in 5 villages, Monterosso, Vernazza, Corniglia, Manarola and Riomaggiore;
it extends for approximately 15 Km along the Ligurian coast, and is one of the Mediterranean’s most beautiful, natural and semi-natural, area.

The typical "dry stone walls” forming terraces were extremely useful to tame wild nature.
This human action helped create a unique landscape which made possible all sorts of human activities, especially the viticulture.

This human action helped create a unique landscape which made possible all sorts of human activities, especially the viticulture.
The climatic conditions allow the cultivation of olive trees, citrus and viticulture. For what regards the wine production, you can’t miss the passito wine “Sciacchetrà”, famous throughout the world.

Discover Cinque Terre Trekking!

Paths and Outdoor

If you want to have updates on the path network and the outdoor activities of Cinque Terre national Park
consult the link: http://www.parconazionale5terre.it/Esentieri-outdoor.php

Cinque Terre National Park

Today, in Italy, there are 23 National Parks and one is waiting for all the necessary measures to be established.
They cover more than one and a half millions hectares, which is equal to the 5% of the whole national territory.
The Cinque Terre National Park, compared with the other parks, features some elements that make it unique.
The Cinque Terre Park, with its 3,860 hectares, is Italy's smallest national park and the most populated one at the
same time, with about 4,000 inhabitants divided into five hamlets:
Riomaggiore, Manarola, Corniglia, Vernazza and Monterosso al Mare.

What makes this territory special in comparison with other territories, is that here the natural
environment has been deeply changed by human actions.
For centuries the inhabitants of the Cinque Terre sectioned the steep
slopes of the hills to obtain stripes of land to cultivate them.
All of those narrow flat portions of land called "ciàn" are supported by dry-stone walls,
which is the real characterizing feature that made Cinque Terre famous all over the world.

The human intervention created an architecture of terraces on a territory which develops in a vertical direction,
making the landscape atypical and markedly anthropized: this is the reason why it is called "Parco dell'Uomo" (Man's Park).
The National Park, established on 1999, especially focuses on the safeguard of this peculiarity which,
due to the physiological neglect of the agricultural activities by industrial society, led to landscape decay phenomena.

Whereas the other parks are usually established with the aim of protecting them from the daily human presence,
here the Park Authority aims at bringing man back to this landscape in order to cultivate it and take care of it,
rediscovering and repeating the ancient actions of those who made the Cinque Terre's territory be included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.